How do I set up my microphones for a stereo recording ?
90 Degree X-Y configurations
This is the most common form of stereo recording with directional mics is the 90 degree X-Y configuration. Here careful attention should be paid to the vertical alignment of the diaphragm inside the capsule. The smaller the error the better the focus and depth of the recording. The horizontal displacement is not critical and can be adjusted to accommodate larger microphones or the use of windscreens. This works well with both cardioid and Hypercardioid microphones. This is our recommended starting point for all new recording engineers. We find that all directional large diaphragm microphones must be set up in an X-Y configuration to prevent image smear and wander.